Electric vehicles (EV’s) are appearing on streets around the world, as different cities are promoting them in a variety of ways, according to a new review by the International Energy Agency (IEA).
The target is 20 millions EV’s worldwide by 2020 and urban programmes are considered critical in achieving this target, which will increase energy security and reduce CO2 emissions.
The IEA’s EV City Casebook: A Look at the Global Electric Vehicle Movement reviews EV activity in 16 cities/regions in nine countries – Amsterdam, Brabanstadt, Rotterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Hamburg, Helsinki, Stockholm, Northeast England, Goto Islands (Nagasaki), Kanagawa, Shanghai, Los Angeles, New York, Portland and the Research Triangle, NC in U.S.A. These cities and regions make up 30% of the early global market.
Different cities offer some or many options, with their approaches ranging broadly for their programs and targets. These include providing EV’s for mass transit or taxis, offering short-rent individual cars and using technology to create information traffic systems. Many of the cities are using them for municipal fleets with special road lanes provided in some countries. Some programs give incentives for use such as discount parking or tolls, while others subsidize vehicle purchases directly.
Many facilitate recharging through financial assistance or stations or both. Many of the infrastructural benefits are made prominent, to encourage use.
“Whether motivated by job creation, consumer demand, improved mobility, or benefits to air quality and the environment – any city of any size and population mix can begin EV deployment using the lessons learned (from these cities),” commented Tali Trigg, energy analyst with the IEA.