The United Kingdom tops the list of 12 of the world’s major economies ranked for energy efficiency in the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy’s (ACEEE) scorecard.
The International Energy Efficiency Scorecard rankings were based on 27 metrics covering national energy efforts, buildings, industry, and transportation (i.e. the primary sectors responsible for energy consumption in economically developed countries).
The ranking order is, France, the European Union, Australia and China (tied), U.S, Brazil, Canada & Russia.
The 12 economies represent more than three-quarters of the global gross domestic product, 63 % of energy consumption, and 62% of the global carbon dioxide equivalent emissions.
“The U.K. and the leading economies of Europe are now well ahead of the U.S. when it comes to energy efficiency,” commented ACEEE executive director Steven Nadel. “Unfortunately, our results show that nowhere is the vast potential for improvements in energy efficiency being completely realized. While many countries achieved notable success, none received a perfect score in any category.”
Germany scored highest for national efforts, China for buildings, the UK for industry and a tie between Italy, China, Germany and the UK for transportation.
The report also shows that the U.S has made some progress towards better energy efficiency in the last 10 years, in particular with building codes, appliance standards, voluntary partnerships between government and industry and improvements in vehicle economy standards. The progress has been slow however, unlike that of Japan, China and Germany who have progressed at a much greater speed.
The U.S needs to compete in the global economy, and for this the report recommends a number of measures. These include the setting of a national energy savings target, greater efficiency in manufacturing, more efficient power plants and power distribution, and financial incentives for investment in energy efficiency.